A central African country, the Democratic Republic of Congo is facing a serious crisis that dates back many years. A situation in which the populations are the most affected. What should we know about this situation in the DRC? What are the solution approaches to remedy it? The answers in the rest of this article.
Conflicts of interest which are at the base
The first conflict in this war-ruined country was between 1996 and 1997. Then the government of former President Joseph Kabila is the real cause of these conflicts. Indeed, while he was in power, opponents were victims of various forms of discrimination. A situation which led to clashes between supporters of political camps. In addition, Rwanda got involved in this internal conflict by worsening the situation. This country supports the rebels of the Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD). With the density of the fighting, the UN missions have experienced failures. In addition, the "Lord's Resistance Army" (LRA) migrated from Uganda to worsen the situation in the DRC. These situations fueled tensions ahead of the presidential elections in 2016.
Some approaches to solutions
The attempt to extend President Kabila's mandate having triggered this situation, it would then be necessary that the texts of the constitution be respected. The electoral commission must be made up of members of civil society, and of the opposition. This is so that this structure does not often obey the decisions of outgoing leaders. International observers have an important role in the electoral process. It should be noted that suspicions of corruption and fraud always trigger after the results of conflicts. Then, for a way out of the crisis, a reconciliation of the political camps of the Congo is important. Development and peace must be a priority for leaders, Instead of conflicts of interest. Thank-you appointments must disappear and make way for competence. The coalition between Presidents Kabila and F. Tshisekedi must resolve their tensions. The unfortunate remark is that only populations suffer the harmful effects of political conflicts.